Autonomía digital y tecnológica

Código e ideas para una internet distribuida

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Se hace pagar a Ana Iris Simón, manchega y de clase trabajadora, una especie de multa por citar en sus páginas a Ramiro Ledesma Ramos, fundador de Falange, aunque sea una cita de derechas entre otras muchas de izquierda y centrándose en la admiración juvenil que profesba por el espíritu justiciero de Don Quijote. Curiosamente, esa factura política no se ha pasado a la novelista Cristina Morales, ni al político Iñigo Errejón (que cita la frase «Solo los los ricos pueden permitirse no tener patria») ni al grupo de rock Fuerza Nueva, que también usa referencias falangistas.

DBpedia is a crowd-sourced community effort to extract structured content from the information created in various Wikimedia projects. This structured information resembles an open knowledge graph (OKG) which is available for everyone on the Web. A knowledge graph is a special kind of database which stores knowledge in a machine-readable form and provides a means for information to be collected, organised, shared, searched and utilised. Google uses a similar approach to create those knowledge cards during search. We hope that this work will make it easier for the huge amount of information in Wikimedia projects to be used in some new interesting ways.

DBpedia data is served as Linked Data, which is revolutionizing the way applications interact with the Web. One can navigate this Web of facts with standard Web browsers, automated crawlers or pose complex queries with SQL-like query languages (e.g. SPARQL).

Captura de pantalla

This is not the official site for booking your vaccination appointment. If you haven’t done so yet, please visit the Berlin Service-Portalfor more information about who is currently eligible to book an appointment, what vaccine brands are available, how to book an appointment, etc.

This site updates in near real-time with open appointment slots. There is no need to refresh the page to see updated information, so please do not refresh the page.

The Open edX platform provides the massively scalable learning software technology behind edX

edX is the online learning destination founded
by Harvard and MIT in 2012

edX offers high-quality courses from the world’s best universities and institutions to learners everywhere. It is the only leading MOOC provider that is both nonprofit and open source. The edX mission is to:

  • Increase access to high-quality education for everyone, everywhere
  • Enhance teaching and learning on campus and online
  • Advance teaching and learning through research

OEM stands for Original Equipment Manufacturer which was introduced in Android devices after the Android Lollipop update. The OEM unlocking Android is important for you if you want to unlock your device’s bootloader. After unlocking the device’s bootloader, you can root it, and customer ROMs for better performance. Most importantly, the OEM unlock doesn’t cause damage to your android phone.

The Bootloader is an operating system that resides in storage and needs to be loaded into the memory before use. When your device starts, its memory does not have programs for accessing components such as I/O devices or storage.

On the other side, the Fastboot OEM unlock means turning on a special switch that helps you in unlocking the bootloader by using fastboot commands. The Bootloader and OEM unlock are inter-related as you need to perform the OEM unlock to unlock the device’s bootloader. Without enabling OEM unlock, your device might not process the bootloader unlocking command. Most importantly, OEM unlock does not harm your android device. With bootloader unlock, you can enjoy additional features on your phone. Most importantly, you can add a custom ROM, kernel, and root your device for easy customization.

Stock Android, also known by some as vanilla or pure Android, is the most basic version of the OS designed and developed by Google. It’s an unmodified version of Android, meaning device manufacturers have installed it as is.

The biggest advantage of stock Android is fast updates. Smartphones running it are among the first to get upgraded to the latest versions of OS, while owners of Samsung, LG, and other smartphones typically have to wait for quite some time to get an update. That’s because these manufacturers have to modify a lot of the software before they can release it, which isn’t the case with stock Android.

The second reason is that stock Android smartphones are bloatware-free, meaning they don’t come pre-installed with apps made by the manufacturer that you’ll likely never use.

OPPRESSIVE A.I. FRAMEWORK is an ongoing effort, work in progress debate that seeks to contribute to the development of a feminist framework to question algorithmic decisions making systems that are being deployed by the public sector. Our ultimate goal is to develop arguments and build bridges for advocacy with different human rights groups, from women’s rights defenders to LGBTIQ + groups, especially in Latin America to address the trend in which governments are adopting A.I. systems to deploy social policies, not only without considering human rights implications but also in disregard of oppressive power relations that might be amplified through a false sense of neutrality brought by automation. Automation of the status quo, pertained by inequalities and discrimination.

The current debate of A.I. principles and frameworks is mostly focused on “how to fix it?”, instead of to “why we actually need it?” and “for whose benefit”. Therefore, the first tool of our toolkit to question A.I. systems is the scheme of Oppressive A.I. that we drafted based on both, empirical analysis of cases from Latin America and bibliographic review of critical literature. Is a particular A.I system based on surveilling the poor? Is it automating neoliberal policies? Is it based on precarious labor and colonial extractivism of data bodies and resources from our territories? Who develops it is part of the group targeted by it or its likely to restate structural inequalities of race, gender, sexuality? Can the wider community have enough transparency to check by themselves the accuracy in the answers to the previous questions?

What is a feminist approach to consent? How can it be applied to technologies? Those simple questions were able to shed light on how limited is the individualistic notion of consent proposed in data protection frameworks.

Bajo el amparo de las grandes familias de la aristocracia askenazí, el Primer Congreso Sionista (1897) acordó la necesidad de “establecer para el pueblo judío un hogar seguro pública y jurídicamente en Palestina”. La maquinaria se puso en marcha.

En este contexto en 1901 y 1908 se fundaron el Fondo Nacional Judío y la Agencia Judía, organismos que recibieron en donación los lotes comprados por la aristocracia askenazí y que a partir de este momento actuaron como coordinadores del esfuerzo colonizador.

Así, los judíos comenzaron a dispersarse por las franjas fértiles y no montañosas de la región al tiempo que multiplicaban su presencia: de los 15.011 ya mencionados en 1878 a los 83.790 que aparecen en el censo británico de 1922 y los 174.610 censados en 1931.

La tensión explotó por primera vez de forma masiva en 1936. Ante las cesiones continuas de la administración colonial al movimiento sionista, los palestinos convocaron una huelga general que fue duramente reprimida.

Mientras, la llegada masiva de judíos alemanes, a pesar de ser ilegalizada, se disparó: según estima la propia Agencia Judía, en el periodo 1934-1948, en torno a 115.000 judíos llegaron a las costas de Palestina.

La confirmación definitiva llegó con la aprobación de la Resolución 181 de la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidad, en la que se exponía un plan de partición que actualizaba una vez más los territorios del Estado judío y del árabe según los últimos avances de las colonizaciones en el desierto del Negev. Aquello resultó ser el detonante que necesitaban las organizaciones sionistas para proclamar unilateralmente su Estado. Después, el Desastre.

¿Cómo nos sentiríamos si de la noche a la mañana, todos los ingleses que viven en nuestra costa proclamasen un Estado propio esgrimiendo los títulos de propiedad de sus casas?

The sport started in Japan and dates to 1948, when it was created specifically as a betting sport. Even now it remains just one of four sports upon which betting is legal (the others being horse racing, boat racing, and Formula 1).

The sport is highly regulated in Japan, because of the gambling involved. Before each race, cyclists announce their tactics so people know how to bet. For example, a rider may say he will ride seiko, staying out front but not getting aggressive until the very end. Riders’ positions within the pace line often play to specific strengths, like sprinting or blocking. The sport requires exceptional endurance, as top-tier racers—who can earn many hundreds of thousands of dollars annually—may compete in as many as a dozen races a day during meets that last four days. Competitors are housed in dormitories and denied access to the Internet or phones, to prevent cheating or other shenanigans that may affect the betting.

PGP ignited the decade of the Crypto Wars, resulting in all the western democracies dropping their restrictions on the use of strong cryptography. It was a storied and thrilling decade, and a triumph of activism for the right to have a private conversation.

Yet, we now see a number of governments trying to do exactly that. Pushing back against end-to-end encryption. We see it in Australia, the UK, the US, and other liberal democracies. Twenty years after we all thought we won the Crypto Wars. Do we have to mobilize again? Veterans of the Crypto Wars may have trouble fitting into their old uniforms. Remember that scene in The Incredibles when Mr. Incredible tries to squeeze into his old costume? We are going to need fresh troops.

It’s not only personal freedom at stake. It’s national security. The reckless deployment of Huawei 5G infrastructure across Europe has created easy opportunities for Chinese SIGINT. End-to-end encryption products are essential for European national security, to counter a hostile SIGINT environment controlled by China. We must push back hard in policy space to preserve the right to end-to-end encryption.

You can use the $options array to set the samesite value, for example:

setcookie($name, $value, [
‘expires’ => time() + 86400,
‘path’ => ‘/’,
‘domain’ => ‘’,
‘secure’ => true,
‘httponly’ => true,
‘samesite’ => ‘None’,

The value of the samesite element should be either None, Lax or Strict.

So how do you set cookies in WordPress? With core constants:

COOKIEPATH — Server path in which the cookie will be available on.
COOKIE_DOMAIN — The (sub)domain that the cookie is available to.

Setting cookies in WordPress, especially the expiration is a cinch using one of the core time constants, available since v3.5:

MINUTE_IN_SECONDS = 60 seconds
HOUR_IN_SECONDS = 3,600 seconds
DAY_IN_SECONDS = 86,400 seconds
WEEK_IN_SECONDS = 604,800 seconds
MONTH_IN_SECONDS = 2,629,746 seconds
YEAR_IN_SECONDS = 31,556,952 seconds

Don’t forget to add the current timestamp to one of these constants, for example:

// 5 minutes into the future
$five_minutes = current_time( ‘timestamp’ ) + ( MINUTE_IN_SECONDS * 5 );

Conseguir que un seguidor evolucione y se decida a pagar por unos contenidos consiste, fundamentalmente, en dos aspectos: el primero, que perciba un valor suficiente en el contenido como para querer seguir accediendo a él cuando se sitúe tras un muro de pago, en lugar de preferir simplemente intentar encontrar contenidos similares en otro sitio.

…la idea de Twitter es diversificar sus ingresos para reducir la fuerte dependencia actual de la publicidad (más de un 85% de sus ingresos) y disponer de un grupo de usuarios que valoran la aplicación lo suficiente como para pagar por ella con los que ensayar nuevas funciones, etc. Como en casos similares, nos equivocaremos si intentamos interpretar Twitter Blue como un lanzamiento «para todo el mundo»: como buen servicio premium, está pensado específicamente para aquellos usuarios que utilizan Twitter mucho…

La deriva hacia servicios de suscripción en internet es cada vez más clara: la publicidad, que alimentó muchísimos servicios en la red desde sus orígenes, es cada vez más vista como algo molesto, incómodo, incluso persecutorio o agobiante y que genera cada vez mayor rechazo, hasta el punto de que muchos usuarios la intentan bloquear mediante distintos tipos de soluciones. Cada vez son más los servicios que se plantean ofrecer a sus usuarios la posibilidad de disfrutar de las prestaciones que ofrecen, pero a cambio de un modelo de suscripción. Algunos emprendedores opinan directamente que la lógica debería ser que aquellos que quieren disfrutar de un producto paguen por él de alguna manera, y que la publicidad en muchas de sus interpretaciones es, como tal, un modelo fallido.

Además del servicio de suscripción, la compañía ha lanzado recientemente un servicio que permite a los usuarios recibir donaciones por sus tweets, y está trabajando en los llamados super follows que permiten a un usuario ofrecer suscripciones a sus seguidores.

In the first parts we focus on the basics. We set up a development environment with running compilation of our code. And the basics of how to register a block and the necessary PHP parts of it as well. We’ll learn about the huge library of components and methods available to us from WordPress Gutenberg.

Moving on we’ll learn about how to add sections and settings for our block in the editor sidebar (Inspector) as well as customizing the toolbar. Along the way we’ll touch a lot of different input types and how to use Gutenberg’s component for these. And of course we’ll learn how to save, update and output the saved information to our block – and how that works behind the scenes.

At the end we’ll look at more advanced things like dynamic blocks and how to use PHP to render the block output. And finally how to make post queries inside the editor – allowing the user to select a post from a list for render.

Extensibility is key, and we can’t build the next generation of the WordPress Editor without making it extensible. What does “making it extensible” mean? Does this mean providing hooks and filters in JavaScript the same way we do in PHP? Does this mean allowing plugins to extend and tweak any UI component used by Gutenberg? Does this mean adding filters to the REST API? Does this mean Giving access to an Editor object to manipulate the editor’s content?

There’s no clear answer to all these questions. Extensibility is a very difficult problem and unless you build it with real use-cases in mind, you’re more likely to get it wrong. (and being stuck with it for a long time).

En agosto de 2020 había 321.496 viviendas turísticas anunciadas en España. Seis meses después, en febrero de 2021, 294.698 (casi 27.000 menos). Barcelona, Girona y Málaga fueron las provincias donde más anuncios ‘desaparecieron’, mientras que en la provincia de Las Palmas hubo un aumento de 190 anuncios. Pandemias aparte, febrero es temporada alta en Canarias y hay un aumento de viviendas puestas en alquiler vacacional.

En agosto de 2020 había 1,6 millones de plazas anunciadas; en febrero, 130.000 menos. La foto no es fija y cambiará según el mes del rastreo, en función de cuánta gente decida sacar una vivienda (o una habitación) al mercado. Una limitación de estos datos del INE es que la serie empieza en pandemia, así que no podemos comparar con cuántas viviendas turísticas había antes. En 2018, calculó a partir de datos de DataHippo que había 238.420 alojamientos activos.

Más allá de la pérdida cualitativa y la mencionada acumulación de funciones, en este tipo de burbujas dirigentes aparece otro conocido fenómeno limitante, el llamado Síndrome de Hibris, la enfermedad por antonomasia del poder. Un mal que afecta siempre a los liderazgos fuertes y un poco aislados.

…allí donde todos te dan la razón para ganarse tu favor, para salvaguardar su posición, temerosos de que sostener una discrepancia acabe por defenestrarlos, se pierde perspectiva a marchas forzadas. Se disipa la riqueza dialéctica, se evalúa peor la realidad exterior, se estrecha el horizonte visible.

Parece inevitable que este mal pase factura a toda dirección de partido no obligada a la confrontación de marcos teóricos, por más que ponga el foco en la articulación de lo diverso en vez de en la unificación, si al final lo hace desde equipos cerrados, homogéneos, e impermeables, o desde paradigmas excesivamente depurados.

You might gain a more comfortable ride using 650B wheels and tires, since the increased volume in the tires might allow you to use a lower pressure than with the 700X 28mm-30mm tires. Traction is another area where this swap might make sense for the rider, as a bigger, wider contact patch results when a lower pressure 650B tire is used over that of the 700c X 28-30mm tire.

I could always feel that I was pedaling more with the 650B wheels versus a set of 700c X 38-40mm wheels and tires. Momentum can be an important thing on looser gravel, or softer terrain, and in these cases, I feel a 700c wheel set has a bit of an upper hand. That said, it is hard to argue that a 650B and fat tire set up tubeless does not have a better ride feel than anything 700c X 40mm or so.

I feel a smaller diameter wheel is a bit less stable in terms of getting knocked off line, or in terms of lateral stability on loose gravel, than a 700c wheel and fat gravel tire.

So i just took my phone out from the case for cleaning and found that the top right corner has a crack, the phone has not been dropped since last 3 months. there is no crack on the screen as well. Google says that there is no warranty that covers this and it will go into repair.

My power button failed and they will not warranty because of this same crack being present with no other damage. I have to pay $130 to replace it at a Google repair partner and then they did say that they would warranty the power button issue. With that said, it makes me feel they are more than aware of the issue as the repair partner has multiple back covers in stock.

Prosus (PROSY) has announced its intention to acquire Stack Overflow for 1.8 billion dollars. This is tremendously exciting news for our employees, our customers, our community members, and for our shareholders, and I will share a bit more about what it all means.

How you use our site and our products will not change in the coming weeks or months, just as our company’s goals and strategic priorities remain the same. As the acquisition is finalized, and we continue to partner with Prosus, I will keep you all posted through my regular quarterly blog posts and Teresa Dietrich, our Chief Product and Technology Officer, will do the same in her quarterly community blog posts.

Depuis 1989, le Stoc évalue les tendances des communautés d’oiseaux spécialistes des milieux agricoles, des milieux bâtis et des milieux forestiers, ainsi que celles des généralistes. La chute la plus importante concerne les oiseaux spécialistes des milieux agricoles (telles que les alouettes des champs ou les perdrix grises), qui ont perdu 29,5% de leurs effectifs en trente ans.

Cette diminution drastique des populations d’oiseaux des champs «est concomitante de l’intensification des pratiques agricoles ces dernières décennies, plus particulièrement depuis 2008-2009, alerte le rapport. Une période qui correspond entre autres à la généralisation des néonicotinoïdes, insecticides neurotoxiques très persistants». Autre facteur majeur du déclin des oiseaux spécialistes des milieux agricoles, «la disparition des habitats qui leur sont favorables par l’uniformisation des paysages (grandes parcelles en monoculture, disparition des haies) dans les zones d’agriculture intensive».

Cartografia Critica del Estrecho de Gibraltar Cartografia Critica del Estrecho de Gibraltar

A lo largo del año 2004 un equipo colaborativo desarrolló el proyecto titulado “Una cartografía del territorio geopolítico del Estrecho de Gibraltar”. El producto visible de esta colaboración fueron dos mapas en papel (cara a y b) que presentaban lecturas alternativas de este territorio singular. El proyecto surgió de la red Indymedia Estrecho y vinculado a Fadaiat 2004, un encuentro de artistas, activistas y tecnólogos entre las dos orillas del Estrecho. Se trataba de presentar la visión desde la perspectiva de estas redes de este espacio geográfico como lugar de conflictos sociopolíticos, y también de presentar su propio trabajo como proyecto de transformación de este territorio. Las tres líneas principales de investigación-acción de Indymedia Estrecho se reflejaban en la cartografía: 1/ migraciones y frontera; 2/ nueva composición del trabajo, precarización; y 3/ comunicación independiente y conocimiento libre. En la cara a de la cartografía se mapeaban como flujos que atravesaban la frontera los procesos que venían ocurriendo en el Estrecho: militarización, migraciones, deslocalización del capital, comunicación y movimientos sociales. En la cara b se presentaban las redes de movimientos sociales activas a ambos lados de la frontera, así como sus proyectos políticos a corto y medio plazo – con lo que el mapa se convertía además en una herramienta de organización.

Hervé This (il a signé This-Benckhard, et il signe parfois This vo Kientza), né le 5 juin 1955 à Suresnes, est un physico-chimiste français. Il est connu pour être l’inventeur avec Nicholas Kurti de la gastronomie moléculaire, mais aussi de la cuisine moléculaire. En 1994, il a proposé la « cuisine note à note ».

Recently IRC has been in the tech news because of an “event” with the Freenode server. Freenode is the IRC network that many open source projects call home. After a really public breakup between the owner of Freenode and a fair number of the people working for the network, a new IRC network was created call Libera Chat. I thought that maybe now was a good time to try some new channels on a new IRC network.

The concept is simple. A neutral track racer—not a derny motorcycle as used at the Olympics—starts in front of a peloton of nine racers and sets the pace for about a mile. He systematically increases the speed to 50 kilometers per hour and leaves the track half a mile before the finish. That’s when the keirin racers start jostling for position before making their sprints to the finish line.

World War II left Japan in massive debt. Money was necessary for the country to rise up from the debris of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, so, in 1948, the Japanese government introduced the sport of keirin, with the intent of gaining from the gambling that accompanied it. The same goes for keiba (horse racing) and keitei (powerboat racing).

That is why the keirin rulebook has remained unchanged since its introduction 70 years ago. This is the opposite of the rules in western sports, where they are ever changing. So today, every keirin race in Japan is still based on nine identical steel-framed track bikes, the only difference between them being the seat’s height.

It’s a gambling sport, so the money the racers make depends on the bets made by keirin fans. At the beginning of each race, those fans receive information on the competing cyclists, including their condition, the thickness of their thighs, their blood type, their race tactics and, in some cases, their zodiac sign. For the people watching this is more than a sport.

Injuries are very common here—the average keirin racer breaks his collarbone twice in his career. That’s understandable if you know about all the contact allowed during the sprints. You even see the occasional head butt, which in turn explains why the helmets are the size of an astronaut’s.

The monastic life on the Izu peninsula prepares the students for the loneliness of a keirin tournament. Before each tournament, they go into a kind of quarantine, to counter match fixing. Again, the riders have to hand over their mobile phones and laptops to the organizers, and just a bed, a bicycle and a series of races await them. For days, they can only talk to each other.

So, the difference between dual standby and dual active dual SIM Android phones are:

  • No difference when the phone is in standby mode.
  • When you are using one of the SIM cards for voice calling (or sending SMS) through 2G network, the other SIM card will be disabled in dual standby phones.

4G+2G dual SIM phones can connect only one SIM card to 4G (or 3G) network. The other SIM card can only connect to 2G. Usually, the SIM card slot does NOT matter. Most dual SIM Android phones allow you to specify and change them.

The definition of online privacy has been expanded to include many more elements beyond the basic definition. With today’s advanced Internet technology, having “privacy” is no longer simple. In fact, it is about being able to have much more control over the information that others can access about you and your activities. Many people are concerned about the security of their phones. While it may seem like common sense, many individuals do not realize how easy it can be for a person to take advantage of technology when they have the ability to secure their online privacy by using Linux secure phones.

Google’s vision for Android is to present it as a unified platform across devices. It has created an Open Handset Alliance (OHA) with over 84 members. Companies who are a part of it can actively contribute to the development of the “open” Android.

But they’ll have to settle their dreams of having an Android fork of their own someday. If they want to do so, they’ll have to quit the alliance.

But are AOSP-based operating systems really an alternative?

The answer is ‘No’ if you consider them at the fundamental level. Duval also didn’t consider it an alternative right away. But he says Google is restricting the use of apps on AOSP is one of the reasons for that.

He also said that “in 2019 you cannot consider only the mobile Operating System. You need to think about the “whole ecosystem” including the operating system, applications, and online services. That makes complete sense.

In fact, I read a detailed piece on Ars Technica, and came to know that Google has many legal weapons in its arsenal which make it virtually impossible for some company to create an Android fork (with Google Apps), pre-load it on devices, and sell to the people without Google’s approval.

One might plan to build an Android alternative without Google Apps. But the apps that we run on Android rely on the Google Play Services API for much of their functionality.

To get the Google apps on your Android fork, you (company) need to have a license from Google. And it’s believed that getting the license is a lot easier if you become a part of the Open Handset Alliance (OHA). But companies that are part of the OHA are legally restricted from building non-Google approved devices.

Fairphone and e Foundation are teaming up and taking the rare step of selling a non-Google Android phone to the public. The Fairphone 3, a midrange smartphone originally released in September 2019, can now come pre-loaded with the /e/ OS, a fork of Android that replaces the usual suite of Google apps and services with open source options and /e/’s cloud services. The goal of the two companies is to produce a «privacy conscious and sustainable phone.»

The new OS option, the oddly named (and impossible to Google) /e/ OS, was founded by Gaël Duval, the creator of Mandrake Linux. /e/ seems a lot like a real Linux distribution, in that it first tries to gather existing open source projects into a cohesive OS, then does whatever work is needed to fill in the gaps that exist. /e/ is based on Lineage OS, the Android community’s foundational open source operating system. Lineage (which was built out of the ashes of CyanogenMod) takes Google’s open source Android repo (AOSP) and cleans it up for individual devices, making sure all the hardware works on each device while adding a few extra features.

A major challenge for anyone trying to fork Android is keeping up with both the breakneck pace of Google’s Android development and the impossible amount of devices out there. Any users of /e/ should know they’ll most likely be on an old version of Android for the majority of the time. The LineageOS builds that /e/ is based on only hit Android 10 earlier this month, something like seven months after Google’s final release. Naturally, /e/ is still on Android 9, a 20-month-old OS.

A proprietary device driver is a closed-source device driver published only in binary code. In the context of free and open-source software, a closed-source device driver is referred to as a blob or binary blob. The term usually refers to a closed-source kernel module loaded into the kernel of an open-source operating system, and is sometimes also applied to code running outside the kernel, such as system firmware images…