Autonomie numérique et technologique

Code et idées pour un internet distribué

Linkothèque. Carnet de bord


Igual me equivoco, porque claro, pienso en catalán, pero pienso que la lengua catalana debería ser defendida por la totalidad de los españoles, porque también es una lengua española. Además, es una lengua minoritaria, muchas veces puesta en peligro, precisamente, por muchos gobiernos españoles a lo largo de la historia. El catalán es una lengua preciosa, un tesoro que debería ser mimado y no insultado y despreciado.

Pero, tristemente, seguro que muchos españoles leen este artículo y se piensan que odio España y el castellano.

The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) is a free-software license published by the Free Software Foundation (FSF). The license allows developers and companies to use and integrate a software component released under the LGPL into their own (even proprietary) software without being required by the terms of a strong copyleft license to release the source code of their own components. However, any developer who modifies an LGPL-covered component is required to make their modified version available under the same LGPL license. For proprietary software, code under the LGPL is usually used in the form of a shared library, so that there is a clear separation between the proprietary and LGPL components.

The main difference between the GPL and the LGPL is that the latter allows the work to be linked with (in the case of a library, « used by ») a non-(L)GPLed program, regardless of whether it is free software or proprietary software.[1] The non-(L)GPLed program can then be distributed under any terms if it is not a derivative work. If it is a derivative work, then the program’s terms must allow for « modification for the customer’s own use and reverse engineering for debugging such modifications. » Whether a work that uses an LGPL program is a derivative work or not is a legal issue.

Get ready for a deep dive into PC retrogaming, more than 14100 games are available and waiting to be played again. Discover rare 80s games and immerse yourself into classics from the 90s. Get your dose of nostalgia and old school gaming right now!

On My abandonware you can download all the old video games from 1978 to 2018 for free! You can play Pacman, Arkanoid, Tetris, Galaxian, Alter Ego, or Blackthorne, Civilization, Sim City, Prince of Persia, Xenon 2, King’s quest, Ultima, Kyrandia, The Incredible Machine, Another World, Test drive, Flashback, Lemmings!

De lo que se trata es de entrar en ésta página web del Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) y solicitar la exclusión de nuestros datos personales de las copias del censo electoral que se entregan a los partidos políticos para realizar sus envíos postales de propaganda.

Pueden acceder a este servicio totalmente gratuito todas las personas inscritas en el censo electoral, siempre y cuando dispongan de la necesaria clave de identificación electrónica para las relaciones con las Administraciones Públicas. Una de las maneras más ágiles y sencillas de obtener esa identificación es mediante el sistema Cl@ve al que se puede acceder siguiendo los pasos que aparecen aquí

De este modo tan simple y en apenas un par de pasos evitaremos tener que ir echando viajes durante cada campaña electoral del buzón al contenedor azul, que es donde hay que echar la propaganda de papel.

Aunque ojo: no será fácil librarnos definitivamente de ella, pues lo que pretenden ahora los partidos, todos sin excepción (el interés les une), es enviarnos su propaganda por Whatsapp, correo electrónico o directamente al móvil sin necesidad de pedirnos permiso.

Pantallazo del theme Susty WP para WordPress

Delivering WordPress in 7KB 6KB*

This website aims to act as a guide to making WordPress websites more sustainable, and to serve as a practical example of how we can tune our websites and reduce their carbon footprint. The homepage of this website is delivered to your browser with just 6KB of data transfer. This is achieved by its theme, plugins and configuration. As of 2016, the average website data transfer was 2.3MB, making it 393 times bigger than this website!

Yes, fuck, I have Amazon’s app on my phone. I’m that addicted to this company. And I’m not alone: Amazon reportedly controls 50 percent of online commerce, which means half of all purchases made online in America, which is obscene.

Launched in 2006, AWS has taken over vast swaths of the internet. My VPN winds up blocking over 23 million IP addresses controlled by Amazon, resulting in various unexpected casualties, from Motherboard and Fortune to the U.S. Government Accountability Office’s website. (Government agencies love AWS, which is likely why Amazon, soon to be a corporate Cerberus with three “headquarters,” chose Arlington, Virginia, in the D.C. suburbs, as one of them.) Many of the smartphone apps I rely on also stop working during the block.

Historical note: Until 2010 there was only one suite, OpenOffice.org (OOo) developed by Sun. When Oracle bought Sun and threatened the existence of the office suite, a community fork was created called LibreOffice. Most of the existing OOo developers jumped ship to LibreOffice, considering it the true continuation of OOo instead of Oracle OpenOffice, which was later donated to the Apache Foundation, becoming Apache OpenOffice.

LibreOffice can reuse code from OpenOffice, while the opposite can’t happen. This means that all improvements made in OpenOffice are available in LibreOffice but improvements made in LibreOffice are not available in OpenOffice.

LibreOffice has much more contributions than OpenOffice. LibreOffice commit log, OpenOffice commit log. LibreOffice is also developed by developers from a large number of commercial companies, such as Red Hat, Collabora, Canonical etc. (adding security to the project, because if one company stops development, others will continue support). OpenOffice has only a meager number of IBM developers (I’m not sure if they still continue contributing).

In September of 2009, a group of FreeHand users founded the Free FreeHand organization with the mission of saving FreeHand. The organization gathered over 6500 members, ultimately filing a lawsuit against Adobe Systems Inc. after many failed attempts to influence the company’s policy and desicion-making with regards to FreeHand. Following a long and challenging legal struggle, a settlement was reached early 2012.

While no stone was left unturned in the effort to bring FreeHand back into development and return it to market viability, in the end this proved to be an impossible goal. And so from the ashes, FreeHand Forum is born. With the new name come new direction and goals. We are pleased to share this new vision with all of our original members and those who have just discovered us.

está la aproximación íntima y personal a la gestión de las claves, en contraposición a la aproximación colectiva o comunal. He visto a varios colectivos compartir la contraseña de una cuenta de correo electrónico, Facebook, o Twitter, que son del colectivo y se gestionan de forma grupal. Obviamente no es la mejor forma de gestionar y resguardar la información de nuestro colectivo, pero es valioso recordar que en grupos militantes de gran parte del sur global seguramente lo « privado » se entiende de forma diferente que en el norte, y las más de las veces cruza lo personal y llega a lo colectivo.

Si hablamos de cuentas de correo electrónico es fácil decir: pues hay que usar una lista de correos en vez. Pero se complica si hablamos de plataformas como Twitter que no están diseñadas para las colectividades, al contrario, fomentan el individualismo y el « leadership » informativo.

Otro punto interesante es que tenemos que plantearnos radicalmente cómo es que hacemos las capacitaciones. No se trata de enseñar herramientas, asumiendo demasiado rápido dónde están los problemas. Varios procesos de aprendizaje tienden a fracasar porque son como la misa cristiana: todas hacemos reconocimiento de culpa y en la euforia del momento prometemos mejorar, y luego hacemos unas claves GPG larguísimas y super buenas pero que acaban inservibles porque a los tres meses de no usarlas nos las olvidamos

Es como lo de la mooncup: no porque nos digan que es lo mejor tiene necesariamente que resultarnos fácil, ni cómodo.

Por ahora, esa idea: afirmar nuestro derecho a la intimidad, también en la red. Y de poner una llave del tamaño que queramos, aunque luego, en casa, la pongamos bajo la alfombra porque así nos viene en gana.

IPFS is a distributed system for storing and accessing files, websites, applications, and data.

What does that mean, exactly? Let’s say you’re doing some research on Aardvarks. (Just roll with it; Aardvarks are cool! Did you know they can tunnel 3 feet in only 5 minutes?) You might start by visiting the wikipedia page on Aardvarks at:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aardvark

When you put that URL in your browser’s address bar, your computer asks one of Wikipedia’s computers, which might be somewhere on the other side of the country — or even the planet — for the Aardvark page. However, if you use IPFS to get that page from:

/ipfs/QmXoypizjW3WknFiJnKLwHCnL72vedxjQkDDP1mXWo6uco/wiki/Aardvark.html

Your computer might have gotten it from someone else’s computer across town, or maybe even your neighbor’s computer across the street. When you use IPFS, you don’t only download a file from someone else, but your computer can help distribute it, too — when your friend a few blocks away needs the same Wikipedia page, they might be as likely to get it from you as your neighbor.

IPFS makes this possible for web pages, but also for any kind of file a computer might store, whether it’s an MS Word document, an e-mail, an MP3 file, or even a database record.

DEMOCRATIZING GOVERNANCE

The first step towards a more fair, efficient world

Aragon is a project that aims to disintermediate the creation and maintenance of organizational structures by using blockchain technology. We want to empower people across the world to easily and securely manage their organizations. We provide the tools for anyone to become an entrepreneur and run their own organization, to take control of their own lives.

By making it possible for everyone in the world to organize, we are enabling a borderless, permissionless and more efficient creation of value.

IMAGINE A NATION WITHOUT LAND AND BORDERS

A digital jurisdiction

Aragon organizations can be upgraded seamlessly using our aragonOS architecture. They can solve disputes between two parties by using the decentralized court system, a digital jurisdiction that operates only online and utilizes your peers to resolve issues.

The Aragon Network Token, ANT, puts the power into the hands of the people participating in the operation of the Network. Every single aspect of the Network will be governed by those willing to make an effort for a better future.

A January investigation by the site Top10VPN found that more than half of the top 20 free VPN apps on the iOS and Android app stores either have Chinese ownership or are based in China. That’s all the more suspicious given that China officially banned VPNs last year. The concern: If China is allowing them to continue operating, it could be because they’re sharing data on their users with the Chinese government. When you use a VPN, you’re trusting that VPN with the same deep level of access to your online activity that you’d normally give your ISP. In other words, now they can see what you’re up to whenever you’re using the internet. VPNs may be more privacy-focused than big, corporate ISPs, but they’re also smaller, more opaque, and less publicly accountable.

Intenta que tus intervenciones sean breves. Los e-mails largos dan la impresión de que eres la autoridad y envían una señal de que te apropias del tema. También generan largas cadenas de e-mails que hacen aún más difícil que otras puedan ponerse al día.

Si ya has intervenido no vuelves a hacerlo a menos que simplemente estés aclarado tu propia opinión, hasta que otras hayan tenido una oportunidad de intervenir.

Ten en cuenta el género. Es un hecho muy triste que tanto hombres como mujeres (incluso feministas) perciban las voces masculinas como más autorizadas que las de las mujeres.

Date cuenta de cómo la comunicación reproduce relaciones de poder en el grupo.

Recuerda que tener más experiencia (o pensar que la tienes) no te confiere automáticamente más autoridad.

En el e-mail la gente que “llega tarde a la fiesta” a menudo siente que el consenso ya ha sido alcanzado o que se han perdido la parte de la discusión en la que podían realizar intervenciones útiles.

no es casual que muchos nuevos deportes surgen de lo que originalmente eran sistemas de entrenamiento, es el caso del baloncesto o la escalada deportiva. Eran métodos de trabajo tan intensos y divertidos que la gente los empezó a practicar como un fin en sí mismo.

A mi juicio, el tipo de enseñanzas que habría que poner en marcha deberían estar dirigidas a fomentar el hábito y la capacidad de concentrarse de forma prolongada en la resolución de problemas

El problema es que les cuesta mucho argumentar lo que saben, porque no les han acostumbrado a ello. Este déficit tiene, claro, una declinación política. Es una carencia muy incapacitante, que expulsa a la gente de los foros de deliberación e intervención. La democracia, como casi todo, también se aprende y requiere de ejercicio.

Las ‘Humanidades ZERO’ son aquellas que, debido a la banalización del ocio cultural, endulzan un poco la vida pero ni alimentan ni transforman nada.

El tiempo de trabajo se funde con el tiempo de consumo y de ocio, en mundos que producen valor capitalista constantemente, como las redes sociales.

Eso es lo realmente relevante, el poder convertir nuestras herramientas culturales en herramientas de vida y de transformación.

Estamos en un proyecto de vida para generar el siguiente y el siguiente y el siguiente. Vivimos como en una especie de fuga sin fin que muchas veces lo que hace es que perdamos el sentido de lo que estamos haciendo.

una especie de autorreferencialidad muy engañosa que en el mundo de la política ya está teniendo resultados: uno tiende a pensar que el resto piensan como él y el disenso se convierte en un escándalo o en una agresión personal. Una fuente de enemistad radical. Mientras que en el mundo de los activismos o de la creación artística facilita la creación de burbujas que se miran a sí mismas y se autocomplacen.

No sabemos cómo convertir nuestros saberes en procesos de emancipación y de transformación colectiva.

cyber cemetery

Site deaths are when sites go offline, taking content and permalinks with them, and breaking the web accordingly. Site deaths are one of the big reasons why you should own your own identity and content on the web.

This is a chronology of content hosting sites that have died, removing millions (billions?) of permalinks from the web. This is specifically for content hosting sites which permitted end-user posting. Not random sites nor pure « app » sites where there’s no loss of user data. If a game site goes down and takes down play history/scores, or if Gmail went away those would both represent loss of user data (though no public permalinks).

« ¡Si al menos fuéramos una ciudad dormitorio de verdad! », exclama sarcástico Javier Moreno. « Eso fue lo que nos vendieron, y nos lo creímos ». Él y Miguel Méndez-Cabeza recuerdan un boletín industrial de 1973 que sostenía que Talavera llegaría a los 300.000 habitantes en el año 2000. Eso sí, aquella visión futurista que quedó en agua de borrajas requería un tren rápido para enlazar la ciudad con Madrid por Móstoles.

Urchin Tracking Module (UTM) parameters are five variants of URL parameters used by marketers to track the effectiveness of online marketing campaigns across traffic sources and publishing media. They were introduced by Google Analytics’ predecessor Urchin and, consequently, are supported out-of-the-box by Google Analytics. The UTM parameters in a URL identify the campaign that refers traffic to a specific website, and attributes it to the browser’s website session and the sessions after that until the campaign attribution window expires. The parameters can be parsed by analytics tools and used to populate reports. Example URL, UTM parameters highlighted, after the question mark (?):

https://www.example.com/page?utm_content=buffercf3b2&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

MPlayer is an extremely versatile open source media player that can be surprisingly useful at the Linux command line.

MPlayer has a slew of command-line options to set depending on your situation. I wanted to listen to the local college radio station here in Raleigh (88.1 WKNC, they’re pretty good!), and so after grabbing the streaming URL from their website, all that took to get my radio up and running, no GUI or web player needed, was:

$ mplayer -nocache -afm ffmpeg http://wknc.sma.ncsu.edu:8000/wknchd1.mp3

The ODROID is a series of single-board computers and tablet computers created by Hardkernel Co., Ltd., located in South Korea. Even though the name ODROID is a portmanteau of open + Android, the hardware is not actually open because some parts of the design are retained by the company. Many ODROID systems are capable of running not only Android, but also regular Linux distributions.

Volumio is a Free and Open Source Linux Distribution, designed and fine-tuned exclusively for music playback.
It runs on a variety of devices, typically small and cheap computers like Raspberry PI, but also on low power PCs, Notebooks or Multimedia PCs.

By flashing (installing) Volumio on any of this platforms, it will then become a headless Audiophile Music Player. Headless means that the only way to control it will be with another device, such as a Smartphone, Tablet, PC or anything that has a browser.

This is made possible by Volumio’s UI: a web applications that runs on any device with a browser, and that allows an easy and intuitive control of your playback sessions. All communications between the Web App and Volumio will happen through your home network.

A free, user-friendly, extendable application and API for drone image processing. Generate georeferenced maps, point clouds, elevation models and textured 3D models from aerial images. It uses ODM for processing.

…the ability to create and use custom taxonomies has been around since 2007. We didn’t get all the cool functions added until 2.8 though.

However, one thing we’ve had since 2.3 was the ability to create taxonomies for any object type, not just posts. In WordPress, there are several object types:

Posts
Users
Comments
Links

So, you can technically create a taxonomy for any object type. Most of WordPress core support is for posts, but the API is extremely well thought out and can handle the other object types with minimal code effort.

This tutorial will focus on registering and using a taxonomy on the user object type. It will not be a 100% solution for everything you can do with a custom user taxonomy. Consider this an extremely rough draft of what’s possible.

…la CNIL vient de sanctionner Google à hauteur de 50 millions d’euros, considérant que le ciblage publicitaire qu’il réalise sur son système d’exploitation Android n’est pas conforme au règlement général pour la protection des données (RGPD), la nouvelle loi européenne entrée en application le 25 mai 2018. Cependant, cette sanction n’est qu’une toute première partie de la réponse à notre plainte contre Google, qui dénonçait surtout le ciblage publicitaire imposé sur Youtube, Gmail et Google Search en violation de notre consentement.

“Quayside,” a 12-acre slice of Toronto waterfront in line to be developed by Sidewalk Labs, the urban-tech-focused subsidiary of Google’s parent company Alphabet. Launched in 2015 by its CEO, Dan Doctoroff, and a number of other Michael Bloomberg affiliates, Sidewalk Labs makes much of its urbanist bona fides. The company is now primarily focused on turning the patch of Toronto-owned land into what it calls the “world’s first neighborhood built from the internet up.”

Quayside would test a novel “outcome-based” zoning code focused on limiting things like pollution and noise rather than specific land uses. If it doesn’t bother the neighbors, one might operate a whiskey distillery in the middle of an apartment complex.

a data-harvesting, wifi-beaming “digital layer” that would underpin each proposed facet of Quayside life. According to Sidewalk Labs, this would provide “a single unified source of information about what is going on” to an astonishing level of detail, as well as a centralized platform for efficiently managing it all.

Those residents might not have a choice in how much privacy they give up to call Quayside home, even if they don’t like the terms of use. The same could be said for anyone who uses its public spaces.

Tecnopolítica-comunitaria: Para mucha gente la diferencia más radical entre los dos proyectos reside en este punto. Cónsul es un proyecto liderado y gobernado por el Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Decidim, en cambio, está abierto a un diseño participativo y democrático y acaba de comenzar un proceso participativo para definir su modelo de gobernanza comunitaria en meta.decidim.org. En cierto sentido Decidim es un proyecto más democrático y participativo que Cónsul, para bien y para mal. Un hecho significativo en este sentido es que mientras la web comunitaria de Cónsul usa Discourse (un foro diseñado para preguntas y respuestas), la web comunitaria de Decidim usa el propio Decidim, de ahí el nombre MetaDecidim. Algunos pensamos que esto hace de Decidim un proyecto más coherente con sus propios principios, pero que también ayuda a mejorar el propio software y la calidad democrática que defiende, gobernándose a sí mismo de manera democrática y participativa. En este sentido cabe destacar el contrato social que vincula a los miembros de la comunidad Decidim, a las instituciones, universidades, empresas y resto de organizaciones que trabajan con Decidim.

Cavoukian was an adviser on the Quayside project, but she resigned after Waterfront Toronto and Sidewalk refused to unilaterally ban participating companies from collecting non-anonymous user data.

Nearly every city-fixing proposal from Sidewalk Labs combines civil engineering with some element of data collection—what the vision document calls “ubiquitous sensing.” Quayside reduces carbon not just via a thermal grid, but by embedding each home and office with Alphabet’s Nest smart thermostats, which use “occupancy sensors” and predictive modeling to autonomously adjust temperatures throughout the day.

The city is literally built to collect data about its residents and visitors, which Cavoukian was clear-eyed about when she signed on to be an adviser. She’s worried about Sidewalk using all these cameras and sensors to track people on an individual level, to create real-life versions of the personal profiles Google already uses to track people online. Without anonymization, she said, a single person’s activities could be connected across multiple sources and varying databases to track his movements over the course of the day.

“I think it’s important to note that this project seeks to accomplish many things,” he said,“including delivering large amounts of affordable housing, a highly sustainable neighborhood, and economic activity and new jobs. All of that needs to happen along with policies that protect the public interest, including with regard to data. But, data is just one piece of this conversation.”

Quayside may very well accomplish these things, remaking the city as we know it and setting precedent for future projects like it. But the controversy has shown that it may need to reimagine not just traffic patterns and thermostats, but a set of rules for data, privacy, and corporate “innovation” in a context that has never existed anywhere else on Earth. Thus far, at least, that’s proved the most difficult project to pull off yet.

Ten years ago, Facebook already had 15 billion photos in its database. As you uploaded pictures and tagged friends and added date and location data, the software got really, really good at recognizing people’s faces. This facial-recognition capability is mirrored at other companies—and some, such as Amazon, sell it to whoever wants it.

There isn’t some global corporate conspiracy to get you to post a photo of yourself from the old days and today. There has been a global corporate conspiracy to get you to post everything about yourself, continuously, for the past 15 years. Which many of us have done, providing the vast data sets that companies have already trained their neural networks with. If you think that not posting these two photos does anything to surveillance capitalism or the platforms that succeed through it, that’s just not right.

En los 90 las redes eran mucho más libres, cualquiera se podía montar un servidor, estaba en auge el software libre… Todo era fascinante, extraordinario… Después vino un cierre muy preocupante y pasamos al estado actual en el que un puñado de corporaciones dominan la red: Google, Amazon, Facebook…

Estas grandes empresas están capturando el valor generado por la cooperación social para ganar muchísimo dinero. Mientras tanto, aumenta la precariedad de sus usuarios. Hay que pensar en cómo redistribuir la riqueza que se produce en las redes.

Pensábamos que el espacio público tenía una capa nueva: lo digital. Aparte de las piedras o los cuerpos de las gentes, están los datos y los flujos electrónicos que hacen que sucedan nuevas cosas que antes no sucedían. Planteábamos que la gente participase en la construcción de esa capa digital.

La ciudad debe saber solucionar problemas como la basura que produce sin convertirse en un problema ambiental, sin exportarla fuera de sus límites.

Warnock’s Dilemma is the situation described by Bryan Warnock in an August 2000 post to a Usenet group:

« The problem with no response is that there are five possible interpretations:

‘The post is correct, well-written information that needs no follow-up commentary. There’s nothing more to say except « Yeah, what he said. »
‘The post is complete and utter nonsense, and no one wants to waste the energy or bandwidth to even point this out.
‘No one read the post, for whatever reason.
‘No one understood the post, but won’t ask for clarification, for whatever reason.
‘No one cares about the post, for whatever reason. »

Decision Protocol: Consensus

For formal decisions, Enspiral uses consensus decision-making, a methodology with a specific meaning and practice. Consensus does not mean unanimous agreement or engagement from everyone on all decisions. The key concept is consent (you can live with it), which is distinct from agreement (it’s your preference or first choice).

Making Formal Decisions

Anyone can propose a formal decision at any time. We seek open, transparent decision-making and strive to enable the people who are affected by a decision to participate as fully as possible in making it. Enspiral tries to make decisions with the widest possible circle of participants, while recognising the necessity and wisdom of delegating responsibility for certain decisions.

Formal decisions are needed for the following areas (some with the whole network, some with a subset of people or by a process which has been delegated by an Agreement).

Agreements – creating new rules about how Enspiral works
Brand – using the Enspiral logo and identity publicly
Money – spending collective funds or for actions that impact our financial outlook
Tools & Processes – how the network as a whole will work and communicate
Relationships – commitments as a network with individuals or entities (such as invitations to membership, appointing directors, MOUs with ventures or other entities)
Buy-in & Awareness – when seeking a shared sense of ownership and support from the network as a whole

Durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX, la productividad agrícola se multiplicó por 3-4 y las cosechas, por 6. Las claves para conseguirlo fueron la mecanización, la utilización masiva de insumos de síntesis (fertilizantes y pesticidas que provienen fundamentalmente de combustibles fósiles y de la minería), el incremento del regadío y de la extensión agraria, y el desarrollo de variedades híbridas (semillas seleccionadas homogéneas y muy productivas gracias al uso de pesticidas y abonos), todo lo cual requirió de explotaciones en monocultivo cada vez mayores. Es decir, la alimentación agro-ganadero-silvo-industrial (que vamos a resumir en agroindustrial) es petrodependiente.

Hasta entonces, la agricultura se había adaptado a las condiciones del suelo, clima y plagas de cada zona. Para esto, se optaba por diversificar las semillas y los cultivos (el policultivo). Pero la energía fósil en forma de abonos, pesticidas y maquinaria permitió homogeneizar las condiciones ecosistémicas de distintos lugares pudiendo usarse las mismas variedades híbridas en territorios muy distintos. Además, las consecuencias de la uniformidad (agotamiento del suelo, vulnerabilidad ante plagas) se pudieron esquivar temporalmente usando más derivados del petróleo.

El actual sistema alimentario también quebrará fruto de que la producción de las cosechas es probable que descienda como consecuencia de un conjunto de factores interrelacionados y claves en el sostén de los agrosistemas. Por un lado, el cambio climático disminuirá la productividad vegetal en las zonas intertropicales y en muchas del resto del planeta. Una disminución que ya está comenzando. Entre los factores que influirán en esta disminución estará la menor disponibilidad de agua dulce: el cambio climático causará que muchos acuíferos se salinicen por el aumento del nivel del mar, que se pierdan las reservas de agua helada de los glaciares y, en determinadas regiones, desciendan las precipitaciones y aumente la evaporación. Todo ello con mayores dificultades para acceder a la desalación o al bombeo de agua de grandes profundidades en un contexto de agotamiento general de los acuíferos. Al cambio climático y al agotamiento del agua se añaden la disminución de la fertilidad de la tierra fruto de la sobreexplotación. También la incapacidad de mantener una fertilización mineral como hasta ahora, ya que recursos estratégicos como el fósforo también están dando muestras de agotamiento.

The idea of lazy consensus can basically be described as: “Silence is consent”1). It is used as a decision making tool in larger groups of individuals.

The lazy consensus is a very effective tool to speed up development processes, may it be the development of OSS in an online community or the implementation of a new project step in a company. It gives every group member the equal chance to object, if necessary.

Since silence is considered to be consent, it is not obvious, how many members of the respective group have even seen the post, or read the article, or learned about the idea in question (known as Warnock’s Dilemma). The concept of the lazy consensus requires an active community in order to receive enough interest and, if necessary, adequate critical objections.

When using the lazy consensus, there is also a certain risk of receiving decisive objections at an advanced state of the project, implementation, or development. This might cause some turbulence that could have been avoided with another decision taking process.

Burnout and the behaviors and weight that accompany it aren’t, in fact, something we can cure by going on vacation. It’s not limited to workers in acutely high-stress environments. And it’s not a temporary affliction: It’s the millennial condition. It’s our base temperature. It’s our background music. It’s the way things are. It’s our lives.

Why can’t I get this mundane stuff done? Because I’m burned out. Why am I burned out? Because I’ve internalized the idea that I should be working all the time. Why have I internalized that idea? Because everything and everyone in my life has reinforced it — explicitly and implicitly — since I was young. Life has always been hard, but many millennials are unequipped to deal with the particular ways in which it’s become hard for us.

We’ve got venture capital, but we’ve also got the 2008 financial crisis, the decline of the middle class and the rise of the 1%, and the steady decay of unions and stable, full-time employment.

That model began to shift in 1980s, particularly at public universities forced to compensate for state budget cuts. Teaching assistant labor was far cheaper than paying for a tenured professor, so the universities didn’t just keep PhD programs, but expanded them, even with dwindling funds to adequately pay those students. Still, thousands of PhD students clung to the idea of a tenure-track professorship. And the tighter the academic market became, the harder we worked. We didn’t try to break the system, since that’s not how we’d been raised. We tried to win it.

I never thought the system was equitable. I knew it was winnable for only a small few. I just believed I could continue to optimize myself to become one of them.

My new watchword was “Everything that’s good is bad, everything that’s bad is good”: Things that should’ve felt good (leisure, not working) felt bad because I felt guilty for not working; things that should’ve felt “bad” (working all the time) felt good because I was doing what I thought I should and needed to be doing in order to succeed.

One thing that makes that realization sting even more is watching others live their seemingly cool, passionate, worthwhile lives online.

That enviable mix of leisure and travel, the accumulation of pets and children, the landscapes inhabited and the food consumed seems not just desirable, but balanced, satisfied, and unafflicted by burnout.

Posting on social media, after all, is a means of narrativizing our own lives: What we’re telling ourselves our lives are like.

The “purest” example is the social media influencer, whose entire income source is performing and mediating the self online.

“Branding” is a fitting word for this work, as it underlines what the millennial self becomes: a product.

your phone is a sophisticated camera, always ready to document every component of your life — in easily manipulated photos, in short video bursts, in constant updates to Instagram Stories — and to facilitate the labor of performing the self for public consumption.

Even the trends millennials have popularized — like athleisure — speak to our self-optimization. Yoga pants might look sloppy to your mom, but they’re efficient: You can transition seamlessly from an exercise class to a Skype meeting to child pickup. We use Fresh Direct and Amazon because the time they save allows us to do more work.

Millennial burnout often works differently among women, and particularly straight women with families.

One might think that when women work, the domestic labor decreases, or splits between both partners. But sociologist Judy Wajcman found that in heterosexual couples, that simply wasn’t the case: Less domestic labor takes place overall, but that labor still largely falls on the woman.

The labor that causes burnout isn’t just putting away the dishes or folding the laundry — tasks that can be readily distributed among the rest of the family. It’s more to do with what French cartoonist Emma calls “the mental load,” or the scenario in which one person in a family — often a woman — takes on a role akin to “household management project leader.”

The most common prescription is “self-care.” Give yourself a face mask! Go to yoga! Use your meditation app! But much of self-care isn’t care at all: It’s an $11 billion industry whose end goal isn’t to alleviate the burnout cycle, but to provide further means of self-optimization. At least in its contemporary, commodified iteration, self-care isn’t a solution; it’s exhausting.

My refusal to respond to a kind Facebook DM is thus symptomatic of the sheer number of calls for my attention online: calls to read an article, calls to promote my own work, calls to engage wittily or defend myself from trolls or like a relative’s picture of their baby.

But dumb, illogical decisions are a symptom of burnout.

Living in poverty is akin to losing 13 IQ points. Millions of millennial Americans live in poverty

To be poor is to have very little mental bandwidth to make decisions

Burnout isn’t a place to visit and come back from; it’s our permanent residence.

You don’t fix burnout by going on vacation. You don’t fix it through “life hacks,” like inbox zero, or by using a meditation app for five minutes in the morning, or doing Sunday meal prep for the entire family, or starting a bullet journal.